The Centre for Ethics is currently participating in multiple research projects, all listed below.
See also our Past projects and the Overview of research projects.
Proposal number: 101006430
Project duration: 01.03.2021–29.02.2024
Leading partner: Oslo Ülikool
Responsible person: Kadri Simm, Associate Professor of Practical Philosophy at the University of Tartu
Open science (OS) where research planning, processes, data and results are freely available to all stakeholders is the future of science. OS will make science more effective and more responsive to societal needs, and it will enable citizens to participate actively in all aspects of science as citizen scientists. OS does, however also raise new questions about research ethics, integrity and misconduct. We know that research misconduct and questionable research practices occur in our current scientific processes, and it is likely that similar or new forms of misconduct and questionable practices will emerge in OS. It is therefore important to identify and analyse the potential for misconduct in various areas of OS practice and in different scientific disciplines, and to identify and analyse current ethical, social and legal approaches to responding to questionable practices. It is only based on such an analysis that the European science system can effectively ensure that ethics and research integrity (ERI) becomes a structural component of Open Science.
ROSiE will provide this analysis and develop practical tools aimed at ensuring ERI in OS and citizen science (CS). This will be done by a strongly multi-disciplinary project group consisting of world-leading experts and organizations in OS, CS, and ERI.
Project duration: October 2020–2023
Coordinator: Comillas Pontifical University
Financing: 175000 EUR
The internet has become an integral part of children and young people’s lives. The increased time spent online is prompting questions about whether they are in control of their internet usage. The low level of awareness of cyber threats and their potential impact is a serious issue that translates into the proliferation of incidents due to human mistakes. 51% of EU citizens feel not at all or not well informed about cyber threats and 86% of Europeans believe that the risk of becoming a victim of cybercrime is rapidly increasing. On the other hand, Law enforcement has noted that more and more teenagers and young people are increasingly committing cybercrimes.
This is an international problem which has considerable cost implications; it is estimated that crimes in cyberspace will cost the global economy $445B annually. Understanding the behavioural and developmental aspects of cyber criminality is becoming increasingly important and underlies the necessity of a shift in focus from sanctions to deterrence and prevention.
As a research project, RAYUELA aims to bring together law enforcement agencies (LEAs), sociologists, psychologists, anthropologists, legal experts, computer scientists and engineers, to develop novel methodologies that allow better understanding the factors affecting online behaviour related to new ways of cyber criminality, as well as promoting the potential of these young talents for cybersecurity and technologies.
RAYUELA’s main goal is to better understand the drivers and human factors affecting certain relevant ways of cybercriminality, as well as empower and educate young people (children and teenagers primarily) in the benefits, risks and threats intrinsically linked to the use of the Internet by playing, thus preventing and mitigating cybercriminal behaviour.
Project manager: Ramon Llull University (Spain), from Estonia University of Tartu (Kadri Simm and Margit Sutrop) and Technopolis Group.
Financing: 76 580 EUR
The development of novel healthcare systems based on ICT requires greater collaboration between healthcare professionals and patients, as well as technological experts, in order to identify those data and information that provide value in the provision of health services, ruling out what is harmful, not validated or certified, untested, or which can be counterproductive for the patient in the management of their health, as well as protecting all fundamental human rights involved. There is a lack of technologic experts or engineers that know well the specific ethical implications of the healthcare applications, and many healthcare center managers are reluctant to all the changes that the technology integration implies.
In this context our partnership recognized that ICT entrepreneurs and future employees of healthcare sector need to increase their technological skills and ethical competencies for what concern how digitalization health innovation can be implemented in a humanistic manner. To face these needs, ATHIKA proposes to create an innovative approach for training and support, aimed at increasing the successful implementation of ICT innovations and initiatives for the European healthcare sector companies and ventures.
ATHIKA will conduct a set of advanced training programs, involving academia, public health entities, SMEs, startups, entrepreneurs and business consultants. The variety of partners profiles will provide a complete perspective of the sector and will enable the identification of the most urgent challenges. Partners will guide students during the trainings and a competition with students from different HEIs and backgrounds collaborating in the development of novel technical and ethical-compliant solutions. ATHIKA will combine the training and competition activities with a set of workshops and symposiums exchanging the project results, knowledge and lessons learnt between the partners, students and other health sector stakeholders all across Europe.
Duration: until December 2019
Funder: Estonian Research Council
Project team: Siim Espenberg, Gerly Tamm, Margit Sutrop, Kristi Lõuk, Triin Paaver, Olena Nedozhogina, Mari-Liisa Parder, Katrin Velbaum, Marten Juurik
Currently, Estonia does not have a national independent organisation for science ethics, and there are no national research integrity officers. However, several different organisations conduct research in science ethics, provide support and feedback to researchers on ethics of scientific projects, and organise national and international meetings on ethics in science.
This study focuses on these organisations thatimplement Estonian science ethics, and monitor, advise, and acknowledge good practices in scientific research. Qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. Secondary analysis is carried out on documents, and pre-existing numeric data. Additional data is collected. Analysis on good practices of other countries is carried out. The results of this study will provide background knowledge and suggestions for initiating policychanges in the system of Estonian science ethics, to increase transparency, independence, and connections to European ethics organisations.