Editors Märt Põder, Margit Sutrop, Pille Valk
Content Editors Laura Lilles, Triin Pisuke
Copy editing Nelli Jung, Kadri Lutt, Kristi Lõuk, Aire Vaher
Language Editor Külli Kuusk
Designer Merle Moorlat
Publisher Centre for Ethics, University of Tartu
Published by Eesti Keele Sihtasutus/Estonian Language Foundation
Publishedwith the support of the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research
Values, Character and School: A Reader About Value Education (Väärtused, iseloom ja kool: väärtuskasvatuse lugemik) is the Centre for Ethics` book which was published in September 2009. The purpose of the book is to introduce the different methods of value education which have been successfully implemented in Anglo-American countries. In addition to thorough theoretical background, the book offers practical advice for teachers about implementing value education in the classroom. Although the models derive from different cultural contexts, the experience of other countries may be considered a useful example for helping Estonian schools to develop their own specific models of value education.
The book contains relevant information for teachers and schoolmasters who can learn about ways of ensuring that their schools are schools of character that provide a motivating and safe learning environment for both students and teachers. Several texts deal with the moral development of children, so the book is also useful for helping parents to understand their child’s behaviour.
The book introduces methods for the clarification of values, character education and integrative ethical education. These are the most well-known methods in the contemporary philosophy of education.
The first part of the book deals with the characteristics of value education and the role of teachers in value education. The second part discusses rational moral education, including the clarification of values, which concentrates on the process that leads students to discover their own values and reflect on them. The third part contains texts about character education, which emphasises the conditions suitable for supporting the development of virtuous character. According to this method, the definition of values and desirable characteristics helps school staff to develop good character in students. The last part of the book deals with integrative ethical education, which aims at uniting the clarification of values with character education. Integrative ethical education emphasises both the importance of reflection and the development of character.
The book contains articles by well-known specialists in value education, in Estonian-language translation. The authors are: Graham Haydon, Josephine Russell, Barry Chazan, Howard Kirschenbaum, Maxine Cooper, Eva Burman, Lorraine Ling, Cveta Razdevsek-Pucko, Joan Stephenson, Marvin W. Berkowitz, David M. Shumaker, Robert V. Heckel, Melinda Bier, Thomas Lickona, Darcia Narvaez.
Editors Margit Sutrop, Pille Valk, Katrin Velbaum
Content Editor Triin Pisuke
Copy editing Kadri Lutt, Kristi Lõuk, Triin Pisuke, Aire Vaher
Language Editor Tiina Voolaid
Values and Value Education. The Choices and Chances of Estonian and Finnish Schoolsin the 21st Century (Väärtused ja väärtuskasvatus. Valikud ja võimalused 21. sajandi Eesti ja Soome koolis) was published by the Centre for Ethics in June 2009.
The book is dedicated to value education in Estonia and Finland. The purpose of the book is to recognise the importance of values in education, and to introduce the experiences of Estonian and Finnish schools in value education and the choices that the Estonian schools face at present. Recognition of values in the learning environment is an important step towards making a school that pays attention to the character of each student and provides a safe environment for all students and teachers.
Value education has only recently become a topic of interest in Estonia. Unlike the United States, Denmark and Finland, where values are often the basis for the whole curriculum and value education programmes are highly advanced, Estonian schools are taking their first steps in this area. Nonetheless, there are already several schools in Estonia, such as Pärnu Sütevaka Humanitaargümnaasium, Rocca al Mare Kool, Viimsi Keskkool, Laeva Põhikool and Vanalinna Hariduskolleegium, which concentrate on character development in addition to teaching academic knowledge.
On 3–4 December 2008, the Centre for Ethics in collaboration with the Estonian Ministry of Education, the Finnish Institute in Estonia, the Embassy of Finland in Estonia and the Working Group of Religious Studies of the Cultural Theory Centre, organised the conference “Values and Value Education: The Choices and Chances of Estonian and Finnish Schools in the 21st century”. The book presents the issues, ideas and proposals discussed during the conference.
The book is rich in content. All presentations given at the conference are included, in addition to summaries of group discussions and plenary sessions. The book also contains texts written by Estonian schoolteachers who are already involved in value education in their schools, and by representatives of values-oriented organizations such as European Youth and Junior Achievement Estonia. Each shares their experience and provides a useful example for all other schools and organisations. The book also includes a survey of value discourse in Estonian kindergartens, conducted by Halliki Harro-Loit (Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Media and Communication at the University of Tartu), and a survey about teachers’ motivation to engage in value education, conducted by Laura Lilles (employee of the Centre for Ethics) and Pille Valk (Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Theology). The book also contains the text of the National Programme “Value Development in Estonian Society 2009–2013”, of which programme the book forms a part.
Authors: Mai Gross, Halliki Harro-Loit, Seppo Helakorpi, Erkki Jaanhold, Lembit Jakobson, Külli Kalamees-Pani, Marit Kannelmäe-Geerts, Tiiu Kuurme, Andres Laanemets, Tõnis Lukas, Endla Lõkova, Hannele Niemi, Kersti Nigesen, Jaan Paaver, Gunnar Polma, Anu Rannus, Inge Raudsepp, Rein Rebane, Viive-Riina Ruus, Andu Rämmer, Sari Sarkomaa, Piret Siivelt, Margit Sutrop, Toomas Tenno, Tiina Teppo, Leelo Tiisvelt, Liivi Türbsal, Kristiine Vahtramäe, Pille Valk, Epp Vodja, Külli Volmer, Varro Vooglaid.
Compiler Eva Piirimäe
Editors Triinu Pakk, Eva Piirimäe
Translators Raili Põldsaar, Juhan Saharov, Margus Elings, Kadri Lutt, Laura Lilles
Copy editing Triin Pisuke, Aire Vaher
Publisher Eesti Keele Sihtasutus/Estonian Language Foundation
Patriotism and Nationalism:A Selection of Key Contemporary Philosophical Texts (Rahvuslus ja patriotism: valik kaasaegseid filosoofilisi võtmetekste)is a book published by the Centre for Ethics in spring, 2009. The book was published in the course of the National Programme “Value Development in Estonian Society 2009-2013”.
The purpose of the book is to introduce concepts of patriotism and nationalism as they are understood in Western Countries and the debate between different conceptions of patriotism and nationalism. This debate is new in the experience of Estonians who mostly do not consider patriotism and nationalism to be problematic concepts. It is important to understand the international debate in order to clarify Estonian identity and to help understand what it means to be an Estonian in a multicultural world.
The book consists of ten key texts in contemporary political philosophy translated into Estonian. Among these are articles by such outstanding contemporary theorists as Alasdair MacIntyre, Stephen Nathanson, Attracta Ingram, Margaret Canovan, Roger Scruton, David Miller, Yael Tamir, Will Kymlicka, and Francis Fukuyama.
The book consists of two parts. The first part, “Liberalism and Patriotism”, introduces patriotism in the context of liberalism. The second part, “Liberalism and Nationalism”, examines the relations between the two ideologies. A thorough introduction has been written by compiler and co-editor Dr. Eva Piirimäe.
Eva Piirimäe is a historian and currently works as a Senior Researcher at the Institute of Government and Politics at the University of Tartu, Estonia. She received her PhD in the history of ideas from the University of Cambridge. Her dissertation was titled Thomas Abbt (1738–1766) and the Philosophical Origins of Nationalism (2006). Piirimäe’s main research interests are contemporary political theory, political and moral philosophy, and philosophy of history.
Editors Margit Sutrop, Triin Pisuke
Design Merle Moorlat
Published with the support of the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research
Publisher Estonian Language Foundation
Contemplating Estonia – Upholding Common Values (Mõtestatud Eesti - ühiseid väärtusi hoides) is a book published by the Centre for Ethics in February, 2009. This book is dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the independent Republic of Estonia, which was celebrated in 2008. The book was published in the course of the National Programme “Value Development in Estonian Society 2009-2013”.
The book includes presentations from two conferences.The first, “Contemplating Estonia: Values and Choices”, was held on 6 February 2007, and its purpose was to map the values of Estonians and to discuss questions of nationalism, integration, identity and value development. The second conference, “Upholding Common Values”, was held on 26 September 2008, and it continued and developed the discussion of the previous conference, concentrating on national values and values in education. During the conference, the Estonian Minister of Education Mr Tõnis Lukas announced the discussion of the National Programme “Value Development in Estonian Society 2009-2013”.
The authors of the book try to answer to the following questions:
What are the values of Estonians? Where is Estonia on the world map of values? What do we understand by the idea of Europe as a union of values? What are the constitutional values of Estonia? What do we understand by democracy? What do Estonians understand by state and nationalism? What is the role of schools and media in communicating and propagating values? What can Estonia learn from the experience of other countries in value development?
The book is divided into four parts. The first part is dedicated to the values of the Republic of Estonia. In this part, the constitutional values of Estonia are discussed and the idea of democracy is examined. The authors of this part are Pärtel Piirimäe (Associate Professor of History at the University of Tartu), Jüri Adams (a politician and Member of the Estonian Constitutional Assembly during 1991–1992), Marju Lauristin (Professor of Social Communication at the University of Tartu), Dr. Iivi Anna Masso (a political scientist at the University of Helsinki and journalist) and Enn Soosaar (translator and journalist).
The second part of the book discusses questions of nationalism and patriotism. The mutual relations of man, state, society and treaty are examined. Also, the issue of the ‘bronze soldier’ is discussed. The authors of this section are Jaak Aaviksoo (a politician, currently Estonian Defence Minister, a Member of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, and Professor of Optics and Spectroscopy), Dr. Eva Piirimäe (Senior Researcher in Political Philosophy at the University of Tartu), Raivo Vetik (Professor in Comparative Politics at the University of Tallinn) and Merle Karusoo (set designer at the Estonian Drama Theatre).
The third part of the book is about the value systems of Estonia and Europe. The peculiarities of the Estonian image of values are analysed. The third part includes a sociological survey of the lifestyles and values of Estonians. Andres Põder writes about Christian values in Estonian society and Rein Taagepera’s essay places Estonia on the world map of values. The authors of this part are Mati Heidmets (Professor of Psychology at the University of Tallinn), Airi-Alina Allaste (Professor of Sociology at the University of Tallinn), Rein Taagepera (Research Professor of Political Science at the University of California), Jaan Männik (Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Bank of Estonia), and Andres Põder (Archbishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Estonia).
The fourth part of the book is dedicated to values in education. The influence of media on the development of young people’s values is discussed. Finnish and American experiences in value education are introduced. The authors of this part are Erkki Hulkki (a journalist on social affairs in Finland), Halliki Harro-Loit (Senior Lecturer of Journalism at the University of Tartu), Jaana Vasama (the Head of the Finnish Institute in Estonia) and Merle Schwartz (Director of Education and Training at Character Education Partnership in the United States).